Biodiesel Blending Procedures

Biodiesel blending procedures vary according to blending method, feedstock, and blend percentages. In all cases, blends need to be confirmed with a density check in order to ensure they meet specifications, which require a density between 0.86 and 0.90. Typically, values fall between 0.88 and 0.90. The table below provides instructions for the four standard biodiesel blending methods: Splash blending, in-tank blending, in-line blending, and rack injection.

Cold Weather Biodiesel Storage & Blending

Cold weather preparatory recommendations are equally important when storing conventional distillates as well as biodiesel and biodiesel blends. Blended Biodiesel can be stored below ground in a majority of climates. Above ground storage—for both distillates and Targray biodiesel — should be protected with insulation, agitation, kerosene blends or heating systems in areas where below freezing temperatures are common. Precautions may include protecting tank piping and pumping equipment.


Targray Biodiesel has a pour point of from 0°C to 18°C— depending on the feedstock of the biodiesel supplied. We recommended that you be aware of the fuel specifications related to the specific percentage of your Targray biodiesel blend. For more information, please contact a Targray representative.

Splash Biodiesel Blending

With splash blending, Biodiesel and diesel fuel are loaded into a tank separately. Product mixing occurs as the fuel is agitated during the transportation and delivery of the Biodiesel blend to the end user. Being slightly heavier than conventional distillates, we recommend that Biodiesel be loaded second on top. This eliminates the possibility of Biodiesel settling at the bottom of the container.

In the case of bottom loading, adequate fuel flow ensures no negative consequences will result from the minor viscosity differences between diesel and biodiesel.

In-Tank Biodiesel Blending

During in-tank blending, Biodiesel and petroleum diesel should be loaded separately through different incoming sources at a high enough fill rate that the fuels will mix sufficiently and require no additional agitation. Sampling is recommended to ensure that tank blends are homogeneous.
If homogeneity cannot be determine through basic sampling, and density check on the sample is recommended.

In-Line Biodiesel Blending

With in-line biodiesel blending, the biodiesel is added to a stream of diesel fuel as it travels through a pipe or hose. Blending occurs as the two products move through the pipe, or once the fuel is loaded, into its receiving container.

 Rack Biodiesel Blending

Rack blending is the most straightforward approach to blending bio-based fuels. It enables users to inject biodiesel directly at the rack into the tank truck, similar to current performance fuel additives and red dye.

Targray is BQ-9000 Biodiesel Marketer that supplies B99 biodiesel by rail, vessel and tanker truck across the United States. The Biofuels Division also distributes biodiesel from over 40 terminal locations spanning North America. To learn how Targray can help your business enhance its profits and competitiveness with Biodiesel, please contact us.

+1 (514) 695-8095

To speak with a Targray representative.