Biofuel Blends: Terms and DefinitionsTerminology of the most commonly manufactured biofuel blends
||Biodiesel is a renewable fuel derived from biomass including vegetable oils, animal fats, or waste grease (used cooking oil).|
|B5||B5 is a low-level biodiesel blend consisting of 5 percent biodiesel and 95 percent petroleum diesel. B5 is the most commonly found biodiesel blend in the United States.|
|B20||B20 is a higher-level biodiesel blend containing up to 20 percent biodiesel. A majority of diesel car and truck makers selling in the United States allow B20 use in their vehicles.|
|B99||B99 is the highest-level biodiesel blend, containing between 1 and 0.1 percent petroleum diesel. It is more commercially available than 100 percent biodiesel (B100).|
|B100||100 percent biodiesel does not contain any petroleum diesel and is less commonly sold in the United States. B100 can be used in diesel engines built since 1994, provided the engines are fitted with biodiesel-compatible parts.|
|Ethanol||Ethanol is a renewable fuel derived from biomass such as corn or sugarcane. It is widely used as a solvent, as fuel, and as a feedstock for synthesis of other chemicals.|
|E10||E10 is an biofuel blend consisting of up to 10 percent ethanol and 90 percent gasoline. It is the most common of all biofuel blends currently sold in the United States.|
|E15||E15 is a low-level ethanol blend comprised of 15 percent ethanol. The Environmental Protection Agency approves E15 for use in vehicles model year 2001 and younger.|
|E85||E85 is a higher-level ethanol blend containing between 51 and 83 percent ethanol. E85 should only be used in FFVs (Flexible Fuel Vehicles).|
|Drop-in Fuel||Drop-in fuels bio feedstock derivatives that are chemically identical to standard gasoline or diesel. Drop-in fuels are engineered for blending with, or outright replacement of petroleum fuels without any changes to the fuel infrastructure.|
|Renewable Diesel||Renewable diesel is a biomass-derived diesel fuel refined via hydro-processing. The refining process creates a fuel that is chemically identical to petroleum diesel.|
|Cellulosic Biofuels||Fuels derived from non-food-based biomass such as crop residue or switch grass are referred to as Cellulosic Biofuels. One such example is biobutanol, which can be blended with other fuels and used in conventional gasoline vehicles.|
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